On the 2nd March 1788 Captain Arthur Phillip sailed north east to the inlet described by Captain James Cook in 1770 as a "broken land". Phillip explored the southern arm of Broken Bay and declared it "the finest piece of Water I ever saw". He "honoured it with the name of Pitt Water", after William Pitt, the Younger, who was Prime Minister of England.
Phillip was searching for the farming land he needed to feed the new colony at Port Jackson. While Pittwater was unsuitable farms and cottages were established on the fertile land along the banks of the Hawkesbury River. Produce was transported by ships, which waited to form a convoy in Pittwater, before sailing together to Sydney.
Initially, the area was beyond the law, harbouring escaped convicts and smuggled rum. These convicts lived in caves or rough shacks and attempted to survive as best they could in the bushland. In 1819, a constable was appointed to bring the rule of law to Pittwater. In 1843 a customs house was built at Barrenjoey in an attempt to limit rum smuggling.
Beginning in 1810, land grants were allocated to pardoned convicts and free settlers. Initially people made a living by cutting shingles from casuarina, (she-oaks) and ironbark trees, for roof tiles, extracting salt from seawater and fishing. The many Aboriginal middens around the foreshores of Pittwater provided a rich supply of shells which were burned to yield lime for construction of buildings in Sydney and Parramatta. Some land was cleared for cultivation and to provide timber for building and fuel. Later the Pittwater area became a farming district grazing sheep, cattle, horses and pigs and producing butter, milk, vegetables, fruit and wheat.
Pittwater was isolated and access was mainly by ship to Barrenjoey and by 1880 to Newport. The earliest land explorations followed Aboriginal tracks through the bush. Gradually, a rough bush road was established from Manly, which ran close to the coast as far as Narrabeen. In 1880 as bridge spanned the ford at Narrabeen and the route extended to Mona Vale. Here the Rock Lily Hotel was opened in 1886, where travellers could refresh themselves and horses could be changed. The route then forked with a road to the northwest to Bayview and Church Point, passengers for Newport changed to a smaller coach and took the route to the northeast.
By 1913 trams had replaced coaches and ran as far as Narrabeen. Passengers journeying further north could connect with a bus service, which was established in 1920. After The Spit (1925), Roseville (1925) and Sydney Harbour (1932) bridges were opened, the Pittwater peninsula was more easily reached. Especially with the increasing number of private motor cars, a holiday or day-trip to the area became more feasible. Many homes in the area were holiday shacks, used only a few times per year.
Since the 1950s Pittwater has become predominantly residential in character and a suburban region of Sydney. It has however largely retained the beauty for which it was renowned in the early days of European settlement. The region integrates suburban development into a natural setting of bushland and waterways, which include nine coastal beaches, the magnificent Pittwater estuary and Narrabeen Lagoon.
Pittwater is primarily a residential area of Sydney, with only limited industrial development. The area has evolved from a holiday cottage and rural residential area, and before that from its European settlement history of bushrangers and rum smuggling. The area is characterised by established families 35-50 years and a high proportion of older people over 60 years of age (16.7%). About 22% of the Pittwater population was born overseas with 8.1% born in a non-English speaking country. Pittwater has a very small Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population, representing 0.2% of the total population.
Sydneys Northern Beaches Pittwater is the home of many marinas, good tans and not too many traffic jams. Pittwater situated beyond the famous surfing grounds of North Narrabeen and Mona Vale's golf course, you have entered 'the peninsula' proper. Massaged by Pacific waves on one shore and Pittwater breezes on the other, it's a hangout for the rich and famous - you can even get here by Hollywood-style seaplane from Rose Bay.
Stretched out on Sydneys Northern beaches northern peninsula, Pittwater is a good place for children and offers many picnic and barbecue facilities. The Pittwater waterways provide access to most water sports, from yachting to scuba diving, surfing, windsurfing and Kite Boarding.
Pittwater has many attractions from many specialist shops to stylish Cafes and restaurants. One place to visit if you are not encumbered with kids is the Newport Arms Hotel on Pittwater. A seafood lunch in the sunny beer garden is a great place to watch yachts work their way up Pittwater from the popular Bayview boat ramp.
The Area of Pittwater is located in Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia and includes the local suburbs of Avalon, Avalon Beach, Avalon Heights, Avalon North, Avalon Plateau, Barranjoey, Bayview, Bayview Heights, Bilgola, Bilgola Beach, Bilgola Plateau, Bungan Beach, Bungan Head, Careel Bay, Careel Head, Church Point, Clareville, Clareville Beach, Coasters Retreat, Currawong Beach, Elanora, Elanora Heights, Elvina Bay, Foleys Hill, Great Mackerel Beach, Ingleside, Ingleside Heights, Loquat Valley, Lovett Bay, Mackerel Beach, Mccarrs Creek, Mona Vale, Morning Bay, Newport, Newport Beach, Newport Heights, Newport Plateau, North Narrabeen, Palm Beach, Paradise Beach, Salt Pan Cove, Sand Point, Scotland Island, South Warriewood, Stokes Point, Taylors Point, The Basin, Towlers Bay, Tumbledown Dick, Turimetta, Warriewood, Warriewood Beach, Whale Beach, & surrounding areas.
Lawn Mowing in : Palm Beach - Whale Beach - Avalon - Clareville - Bilgola Plateau - Newport - Mona Vale - Bayview - Warriewood - Elanora Heights Narrabeen - Collaroy Plateau - Wheeler Heights - Dee Why - Narraweena Cromer - Beacon Hill - Frenchs Forest - Belrose - Davidson - Forestville Killarney Heights - Brookvale - Curl Curl - Harbord - Freshwater Allambie Heights - Manly Vale - Seaforth - Balgowlah - Fairlight - Queenscliff